Influence of Date of Sowing and Different Levels of Phosphorus on Growth and Yield of Garden Pea (Pisum sativum L.)

Main Article Content

Md. Nahidul Islam
Khaleda Khatun
Tahmina Mostarin
Md. Ehsanul Haq
Md. Rafiqul Islam
Bithi Rani Biswas
Jinia Afsun
Md. Ashraf Ali


The experiment was carried out at the Horticulture Farm of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka during October 2017 to February 2018 to find out the growth, yield and economic benefit of garden pea as influenced by date of sowing and different levels of phosphorus. The research comprised of two factors: Factor A: Sowing time (three levels) as S1=15 November, S2=25 November, S3=5 December and Factor B: Phosphorus fertilizer (four levels) as P0= Control (No Phosphorus), P1=50 kg P2O5/ha, P2=75 kg P2O5/ha, P3=100 kg P2O5/ha.  The experiment was set up in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Sowing time and phosphorus influenced significantly on most of the parameters. Sowing time, S2 (25 November) performed best in number of pods per plant (12.10), number of seeds per pod (4.62) and green pod yield (8.48 ton) per hectare and minimum in S3 (5 December) treatment. Application of phosphorus, P2 (75 kg P2O5) performed best in number of pods per plant (12.70), number of seeds per pod (4.90) and green pod yield (9.23 ton) per hectare and minimum in P0 (control) treatment. Among the treatment combination S2P2 treatment gave the highest green pod yield (10.50 t/ha) and the lowest (4.48 t/ha) was obtained from S3P0 treatment. Combination of 25 November sowing with 75 kg P2O5was the best for growth, pod formation and seed formation of garden pea. From the economic point of view, the highest Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) was (2.35) noted from S2P2 and the lowest (1.02) from S3P0. It was evident that the S2P2 gave the best performance for the growth, yield and economic benefit of garden pea. So, it was concluded that, the combination of 25 November sowing with 75 kg P2O5 can be used for commercial garden pea production.

Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR), fertilizer, garden pea, sowing time.

Article Details

How to Cite
Islam, M. N., Khatun, K., Mostarin, T., Haq, M. E., Islam, M. R., Biswas, B. R., Afsun, J., & Ali, M. A. (2019). Influence of Date of Sowing and Different Levels of Phosphorus on Growth and Yield of Garden Pea (Pisum sativum L.). Asian Journal of Research in Botany, 2(4), 1-13. Retrieved from
Original Research Article


Makasheva RKH. The pea. Oxonion press Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi. 1983;267.

Rashid MM. Sabji biggan (Olericulture). Bangla Academi. 1st edition, Dhaka. 1993; 515.

BBS. Year book of Agricultural Statistics of Bangladesh. 28th ed. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Statistics Division, Ministry of planning. Govt of the people Republic of Bangladesh; 2016.

Ekeberg E. Trails with different sowing dates in 1985-1989. Norsk Landbruks Forsaking. 1994;8(2):156-175.

Ali AO, Damarany AM, Waly EA, Abdel SA. Peas production effect of planting date on the yield and quality of pea. Assiut. J. of Agric. Sci. 1994;25(3):53-61.

Suteliffe JF, Pate JS. The physiology of garden pea. Academic press, London; 1977

Ram S, Giri G, Choudhury SL. Effect of sowing dates and row spacing on the yield of Rabi pulses. Indian J. Agron. 1973;18 (4):533-534.

Vander Graff AJ. Field crop abst. Cited from Production of Vegetable Crops. 1968;576.

Chaubey CN. Note on the effect of delayed sowing on yield of pea (Pisum sativum L.). Indian J. of Agric. Res. 1977;11(2):119-121.

Ali N, Shah SAM, Rashid A. Effects of sowing dates on seed yield and yield components of Poorbi Raya. Pakistan J. Agric. Res. 1985;6:97-100.

Pumphrey FV, Raming RE, Allmaras RR. Field response of pea (Pisum sativum L.) to precipitation and excess heat. J. of American Society Hort. Sci. 1979;104: 548-550.

Sen S, Kavithar AG. Statistical study of the crop yield data. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 1958;28(1):31-42.

BARC. Fertilizer recommendation guide, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council. Farmget, Dhaka. 2012;1-72.

Alam MS, Iqbal TMT, Amin M, Gaffar MA. Krishitattic Fasaler Utpadan O Unnayan (In Bengali).1989;231-239.

Sharma DK, Yadav A, Sharma R. Effect of dates of sowing and phosphorus fertilization on growth, pod yield and disease incidence in (Pisum sativum L.). Ann. Agric. Res. 1997;18:564-566.

Kanaujia SP, Rastogi KB, Sharma SK. Effect of phosphorus, potassium and Rhizobium inoculation on growth, yield and quality of pea cv. Lincoln. Vegetable Sci. 1997;24:91-94.

Shinohara S. Vegetable seed production technology of Japan. Tsukuba International Agric. Traning Center. Japan. 1989;25-29.

Gardner FP, Pearce RB, Mithchel RL. Physiology of field crops. The IOWA state Unv. Press, IOWA. 50010. 1985;156-186.

Savin R, Nicolas ME. Effect of short periods of drought and high temperature on grain growth and starch accumulation of two malting barley cultivars. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 1996;23:201-210.

Shaukat SA, Ahmad Z, Choudhary YA, Shaukat SK. Effect of different sowing dates and row spacing on the growth, seed yield and quality of off-season pea (Pisum sativum) under temperate conditions of Rawalak, Jammu and Kashmir. Sci. J. Agric. 2012;1(5):117-125.

Vijai B, Singh T, Bahadur V. Yield and growth response of garden pea (Pisum sativum) to nitrogen and phosphorus application. Ind. J. of Vegetable Sci. 1990;17(2):205-209.

Rahman MHH, Islam MZ, Bhuiyan MAH, Khanam D, Hossain AKM, Rahman AFM. Effect of rhizobial inoculation withand without chemical fertilizers on chickpea in Haplaqueqts. Bangladesh J. Agric. Sci. 1994;21(2):273-277.

Tiwari R, Bhatt L, Dev R. Effect of date of sowing on growth and yield of vegetable pea genotypes under rain-fed mid-hill conditions of Uttarakhand. Indian J. Hort. 2014;71(2):288-291.

Mohanty SK, Baisakih B, Dikshit UK, Bhol B. Kalamung, a promising local mungbean cultivar. Environ. Ecol. 2001;16(1):222-223.

Boswell VR. The influence of temperature upon the growth and yield of garden peas. Proceedings of the American Soc. Hort. Sci. 1926;23:162-168.

Srivastava SNL, Varma SC. Effect of nitrogen, phosphorus and molybdenum fertilization on growth, nodulation and residual fertility in field pea. Ind. J. Agril. Res. 1998;19(3):131-137.

Parmar OK, Sharma TR, Saini JP, Sharma V. Response of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) to nitrogen and phosphorus in cold desert area of Himachal Pradesh. Indian J. Agron. 1999;44:787-790.

Gardner FP, Loomis WE. Floral induction and development in orchard grass. Plant Physiol. 1953;28:201-217.

Lindsey KE, Peterson ML. Floral induction and development in Poa pratensis L. Crop. Sci. 1964;4:540-544.

Singh R, Singh PM. Effect of sowing dates and varieties on yield and quality of garden pea seed. Veg. Sci. 2011;38(2):184-187.

Verma ML, Bhandari AR, Raina JN. Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus application on the yield and macro-nutrient concentrations of pea (Pisum sativum L.). Internat. J. Tropical Agric. 1997;15:195-198.

Kruger SN. Effect of time of planting on the seasonal yield of Pisum sativum L. Qld. J. Agric. Anim. Sci. 1973;30:25-38.

Silim SN, Hebblethwaite PD, Heath MC. Comparison of the effects of autum and spring sowing date on growth and yield of combining peas (Pisum sativum L). J. Agric. Sci. 1985;104:35-46.