Effect of Potassium Chloride (KCl) on Biochemical and Morphological Parameters of Triticum aestivum L.

Main Article Content

Danyal Rasheed
J. N. Azorji
Wisal .
Sajjad Ali
M. O. Nawchukwu
C. U. Nwachukwu

Abstract

The present study investigates how Potassium chloride (KCl) affects and alters the biochemical and morphological characters of Triticum aestivum L variety (Ghanimat). The experiment was arranged in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) under the natural light condition. Potassium chloride (KCl) applied as foliar spray at the dose of (20, 40, 60, 80, and 100 ppm) on wheat plant. Morphological parameters including shoot length, root length, fresh and dry weight, relative water contents, leaf area, leaf no, root no were analyzed along with biochemical contents including Chlorophyll a b, protein, proline, sugar, carotenoid, phenol and amino acid contents. Results showed that the maximum concentration of morphological parameters observed at different applied potassium chloride but maximum morphological parameters are high in (control 20, 40, and 60 ppm). Biochemical contents show that maximum concentration of Chlorophyll a b, protein, proline, sugar, carotenoid, phenol and amino acid contents observed in (control 100, and 40 ppm). The current study revealed that KCL deficiency as well as excess concentration affects plant growth and various morpho-physiological processes. The usage of optimum KCl we can improve the T. aestivum L quantitatively and qualitatively.

Keywords:
Potassium chloride, Triticum aestivum L, morphological characters, randomized complete block design.

Article Details

How to Cite
Rasheed, D., Azorji, J. N., ., W., Ali, S., Nawchukwu, M. O., & Nwachukwu, C. U. (2020). Effect of Potassium Chloride (KCl) on Biochemical and Morphological Parameters of Triticum aestivum L. Asian Journal of Research in Botany, 3(3), 10-17. Retrieved from http://journalajrib.com/index.php/AJRIB/article/view/30096
Section
Original Research Article

References

Adiloglu S, Adiloglu A, Ozkil M. Effect of different levels of NaCl and KCl on growth and some biological indexes of wheat plant. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 2007;10(11):1941-1943.

Arnon DI. Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenol oxidase in Betavulgaris. Plant Physiol. 1949;24(1):1.

Bates LS, Waldren RP, Teare ID. Rapid determination of free proline for water stress studies. Plant and Soil. 1973;39(1): 205-207.

Dubois M, Gilles KA, Hamilton JK, Rebers PT, Smith F. Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Analytical Chemistry. 1956; 28(3):350-356.

Fang L, Clausen G, Fanger PO. Impact of temperature and humidity on perception of indoor air quality during immediate and longer whole‐body exposures. Indoor Air. 1998;8(4):276-284.

Gomes MADC, Pestana IA, Santa-Catarina C, Hauser-Davis RA, Suzuki MS. Efeito da salinidade sobre pigmentos fotossintéticos, prolina, biomassa e óxido nítrico em Salvinia auriculata Aubl. Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia; 2017.

Goyal P, Goyal K, Kumar SV, Singh AJIT, Katare OP, Mishra DN. Liposomal drug delivery systems–Clinical applications. Acta Pharm. 2005;55(1):1-25.

Hayat S, Ali B, Hasan SA, Ahmad A. Brassinosteroid enhanced the level of antioxidants under cadmium stress in Brassica juncea. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 2007;60(1):33-41.

Koca H, Bor M, Özdemir F, Türkan İ. The effect of salt stress on lipid peroxidation, antioxidative enzymes and proline content of sesame cultivars. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 2007;60(3):344-351.

Kubmarawa D, Andenyang IFH, Magomya AM. Proximate composition and amino acid profile of two non-conventional leafy vegetables (Hibiscus cannabinus and Haematostaphis barteri). African Journal of Food Science. 2009;3(9):233-236.

Lowery OH. Protein measurement with the Follin-Phenol reagent. J. Biol. Chem. 1951; 193:256-261.

Lowry OH, Rosebrough NJ, Farr AI, Randall RJ. Evaluation of protein concentration using BSA as standard. J Biochem. 1951;193:265-275.

Mahadevan A, Sridhar R. Methods in physiological plant pathology; 1982.

Moodie Z, Huang Y, Gu L, Hural J, Self, SG. Statistical positivity criteria for the analysis of ELISpot assay data in HIV-1 vaccine trials. Journal of Immunological Methods. 2006;315(1-2):121-132.

Palta JP. Leaf chlorophyll content. Remote sensing reviews. 1990;5(1):207-213.

Raza SH, Athar HR, Ashraf M, Hameed A. Glycinebetaine-induced modulation of antioxidant enzymes activities and ion accumulation in two wheat cultivars differing in salt tolerance. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 2007;60(3):368-376.

Silva PGPD. O ensino da botânica no nível fundamental: Um enfoque nos procedimentos metodológicos; 2008.

Singh AK, Dubey RS. Changes in chlorophyll a and b contents and activities of photosystems 1 and 2 in rice seedlings induced by NaCl. Photosynthetica (Czech Republic); 1995.

Stoyanov D. Changes in amino acid composition of lucerne as influenced by boron nutrition. Soiland Fertilizer. 1972; 35:3539.

Szabados L, Savoure A. Proline a multifunctional amino acid. Trends in Plant Science. 2010;15(2):89-97.

Upadhyay RK, Panda SK. Salt tolerance of two aquatic macrophytes, Pistia stratiotes and Salvinia molesta. Biologia Plantarum. 2005;49(1):157-159.

Wilson MJ, Rodgers SJ. MSA Safety Inc. Method for determination of combined oxygen in liquid alkali metals. U.S. Patent. 1967;3:323,050.

Wright OL, Mckees R, Wilson MJ, Vancheri FJ. MSA Research Corp, Refining benzene with a sodium and potassium metal alloy. U.S. Patent. 1963; 3,096,382.

Antoline MC, Sauchez–Dais M. Photosynthetic nutrient use deficiency, nodule activity and solute accumulation in drought stressed alfalfa plants. Photosynthetica. 1992;27:595–604.

Aghaleh M, Niknam V, Ebrahimzadeh H, Razavi K. Salt stress effects on growth, pigments, proteins and lipid peroxidation in Salicornia persica and S. europaea. Biol Plant. 2009;53:243–248.

Ashraf M, Foolad MR. Roles of glycine betaine and proline in improving plant abiotic stress resistance. Environ Exp Bot. 2007;59:206–21.

Khan W, Prithiviraj B, Donald SL. Photosynthetic responses of corn and soybean to foliar application of salicylates. J. Plant Physiol. 2003;160:485–92.

Mansour MMF. Cellular basis of salinity tolerance in plants. Environ. Exp. Bot. 2004;52:113–22.

Moons A, Prinsen E, Bauw G, Montagu M. Antagonistic effects of abscisic acid and jasmonates on salt stress inducible transcripts in rice roots. Plant Cell. 1997; 12:2243–5.

Munns R. Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant Cell Environ. 2002;25:239–250.

Inze D, Van Montague M. Oxidative stress in plants. Curr. Opinion Biotechnol. 1995; 6:153–8.

Lichtenthaler H, Wellburm AR. Determination of total carotenoids and chlorophyll a and b of leaf extracts in different solvents. Biochem Soc Trans. 1983;603:591–59.