Influence of Spacing and Different Level of Macronutrients on Growth and Yield of Garden Pea (Pisum sativum L.)

Main Article Content

Kanij Fatima
Khaleda Khatun
Tahmina Mostarin
Md. Ehsanul Haq
Shovan Krishna Das
Md. Monir Hossain
Md. Abdus Samad
Sharmin Sultana Rima
Md. Bayazid Bostami

Abstract

An experiment was conducted in the Horticulture farm of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh, on garden pea, during the period of November, 2018 to January, 2019. The experiment was outlined in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. The experiment consisted of two factors; 3 levels of plant spacing. S1 (30 cm × 10 cm), S2 (30 cm × 20 cm) and S3 (30 cm × 30 cm) and 4 levels of macronutrient management viz., T0 (N0P0K0S0 kg ha-1), T1 (N15P25K25S5 kg ha-1), T2 (N30P50K50S10 kg ha-1) and T3 (N45P75K75S15 kg ha-1). Results indicated that the highest seed yield (8.38 t ha-1) and pod yield (10.56 t ha-1) were found from S1 (30 cm × 10 cm) compared to other plant spacing. Considering macronutrient application, the highest seed yield (7.57 t ha-1) and pod yield (9.12 t ha-1) were recorded from T2 (N30P50K50S10 kg ha-1), control treatment T0 (N0P0K0S0 kg ha-1) showed lowest. In terms of combined the highest seed yield (9.20 t ha-1) and pod yield (11.82 t ha-1) were achieved from S1T2, the lowest seed yield (4.64 t ha-1) and pod yield (5.93 t ha-1) were obtained from S3T0. In the combination of spacing and macronutrient dose, the highest Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) (3.00) was recorded from the combination of S1T2 treatment and the lowest BCR (1.02) was obtained from S3T0 treatment and this combination can be recommended for farmers field evaluation.

Keywords:
Benefit-cost ratio, garden pea, macronutrients, spacing & yield.

Article Details

How to Cite
Fatima, K., Khatun, K., Mostarin, T., Haq, M. E., Das, S. K., Hossain, M. M., Samad, M. A., Rima, S. S., & Bostami, M. B. (2020). Influence of Spacing and Different Level of Macronutrients on Growth and Yield of Garden Pea (Pisum sativum L.). Asian Journal of Research in Botany, 3(4), 8-19. Retrieved from http://journalajrib.com/index.php/AJRIB/article/view/30101
Section
Original Research Article

References

Pawar Y, Varma LR, Verma P, Joshi HN, More SG, Dabhi JS. Influences of integrated use of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on growth, flowering and yield of garden pea (Pisum sativum L.) cv. Bonneville. Legume Research. 2017;40(1):117-124.

Gopalan C, Rama SBV, Indian Council of Medical Research, Hyderabad, India. P. 50. Balasubramanian, S.C. Nutritive value of Indian foods-revised edition. National Institute of Nutrition; 2007.

Kakiuchi J, Kobata T. Shading and thinning effects on seed and shoot dry matter increase in determinate soybean during the seed filling period. Agron. J. 2004;96: 398-405.

Menom IM. World resources of peas for developing winter hardy varieties. Trudy Poprikaladonibotanike, Genetike I Selektsii. 1996;45(3):3-15.

Chandra JG. Response of dwarf pea cultivars to application of macronutrients. Indian J. of Pulses Res. 1989;8(1):33-35.

Zaghlou RA, Abou HE, Rasha ME, Mohamed TE. Improvement of growth and yield of pea plants using integrated fertilization management. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research. 2015;3(4):135-143.

Alam MK, Uddin MM, Ahmed M, Latif MA, Rahman MM. Growth and green pod yield of garden pea varieties under different nutrient levels. J. Agrofor. Environ. 2010;4(1):105-107.

Murade NB, Patil DB, Jagtap HD, More SM. Effect of spacing and fertilizer levels on growth and yield of urdbean. J. Agric. Sci. 2014;9(4):1545-1547.

Dubey DK, Singh SS, Verma RS, Singh PK. Integrated nutrient management in garden pea (Pisum sativum var. hortense). Hort Flora Research Spectrum. 2012;1(3): 244-247.

Kharbamon VK, Malik YS, Pandita MI. Effect of macronutrients on the yield of seed, yield of pea. Haryana J. of Hort. Sci. 2016;21(2):86-90.

Brkic MS, Iqbal TMT, Amin M, Gaffar MA. Krishitattic Fasaler Utpadan O Unnayan (in Bengali). T.M. Jubair Bin Iqbal, Sirajgonj. 2004;231-239.

Shaukat SA, Ahmad Z, Choudry YA, Shaukat SK. Effect of different sowing dates and row spacing on the growth, seed yield and quality of off-season pea (Pisum sativum L. Cv. Climax) under temperate conditions of Rawalakot Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Scientific Journal of Agricultural. 2012;15:117-25.

Tomar, Singh T, Kuma S, Savita. Effects of plant density, nitrogen and phosphorus on black gram (Vigna mungo L. hepper). J. Ann. Agric. Res. 2013;34(4):374- 379.

Agarwal N, Sing G, Khanna V. Comparative study on effect of spacing on the growth and yield of different varieties of black gram (Vigna mungo L.) under subabul (Leucaena leucocephala) based agrosilviculture system. Intern J. Adv. Res. 2015;3(6):1190-1196.