Comparative Studies of Phytochemical Compounds from Plants Parts of Piliostigma thoninngii
Asian Journal of Research in Botany,
Herbal treatment is cheap when compared to conventional medicine; this has resulted in an increased demand for herbal remedies worldwide leading to realization of enhanced new drugs. The bio-activity in natural products is due to phytochemicals, often elaborated for the plant defense against pathogen attack, inter-plant competition and against abiotic stresses. Piliostigma thonningii is used for various medicinal purposes in African and attention was drawn to this plant because of several claims on its enormous applications as an ethnomedicinal plant used to cure several diseases. This study was conducted to extract the phytochemical compounds from plant parts of Piliostigma thoninngii. Maceration method of extraction was used to extract the phytochemical compounds from the plant parts (leaf, stem bark, and root bark) using ethanol and aqueous as extracting solvent. The phytochemical tests were conducted using standard conventional methods. The phytocompound tested were alkaloid, Saponin, Steroid, Tanin, Flavoniod, Anthraquinones and Triterpenoids. Result of the phytochemical test showed the absent of saponins and anthraquinones in leaf aqueous extract and also saponin and triterpenoids in ethanol extract, while the stem and root bark of Piliostigma thonningii showed the absent of steroid, flavonoids and anthraquinones on aqueous extract while triterpenoids was absent in ethanol extracts. Piliostigma thonningii is a small tree or shrub which has many uses as it is used in traditional medicine, and modern medical research has found that they have beneficial properties. This study revealed that Piliostigma thonningii is a plant with available phytochemical compound which can be harness for modern drug design.
- Piliostigma thonningii
- aqueous extract
How to Cite
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